W9864m TO MATT BROMAN from his associate, T.B. McQuesten
Jun 1 1943
To: Matt Broman, Niagara Falls, Ontario.
From: T.B. McQuesten
[ONTARIO CREST - shield and animals]
Minister of Highways
Toronto, June 1, 1943.
K.M. Broman, Esq.,1,2
Niagara Parks Commission,
Niagara Falls, Ontario
I am enclosing to you herewith copy of Arnoldia of May 21st. I am interested to note on page 23, the third paragraph, that the comprehensive survey of crabs 3has been completed and is now in the hands of the printer. I am venturing to hope that you might follow this up and get a copy of it when it is completed. I think it would be very valuable information.
1 Matt Broman worked very closely with Thomas B. McQuesten on many of his projects in Hamilton and in Niagara. There is a plaque commemorating Matt Broman's work at the RBG near the Thomas B. McQuesten High Level Bridge. There is also a small lookout park named after him on the brow overlooking King's Forest Park in Hamilton. The series of letters beginning with "986" are all part of the Broman collection.
For more information on T.B. McQuesten see his biography.
For other persons mentioned in the letters or for various plants and trees, search by name.
2 This document was originally numbered 986.1.081 but has been renumbered for cataloguing purposes.
3 This is referring to crab apple trees.
Arnoldia, the quarterly magazine of the Arnold Arboretum, contains articles on plant science, ecology and conservation, parks and open spaces, landscape design and history. Arnoldia also reports on the growth and development of the Arboretum's collections, its plant introductions and botanical explorations, and it offers portraits of worthy but little used landscape plants. A portion of the article follows:
A continuation of the
BULLETIN OF POPULAR INFORMATION
of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University
VOLUME 3 SEPTEMBER 17, 1943 NUMBER 8
CRAB APPLES FOR ORNAMENTAL FRUIT
NOV~-is the time of year when the fruits of the crab apples color brilliantly,
red and yellow. Some varieties are outstanding, retaining their colorful
fruits for long periods, others are mediocre in this respect, and still others have fruits that remain green until they fall from the trees. Some of the crab apples we value for their beautiful flowers alone, such as the double flowering varieties of Malus ionsis, M. Halliana Parkmanii, M.hupensis, "Katherine" and "Prince
Georges," the last two of which are new double flowering varieties. However,
these do not have brilliantly colored fruits. In a few forms, such as "Bob White," the small fruits remain on the trees throughout the winter, and these supply a
source of food for certain winter birds.
Then there are some like "Beauty," "Bob White," Malus brevipes and M.loringoides which are valued for their colorful fruits but which are not especially
prominent in flower when compared with the better flowering varieties. The best
of these useful trees, however, is that group which includes the species and varieties
noted for both colorful flowers and fruits, such as M.arnoldiana, M.baccala,
"Flame," M.floribunda, "Hopa," "Joan," "Montreal Beauty," the M.purpurea
varieties aldenhamensis, Elyi, Lemoinei, "Redflesh," "M.robusta percisifolia,,
"Sissipuk," M. Zumi calocarpa.
In many old orchards--one used to find certain crab apple trees grown for economic
purposes, chiefly for making preserves and jellies. "Hyslop," "Transcendent,"
and "Whitney" are probably the best of these, but "Florence" and
"Early Strawberry" are available from one or two nurseries in this country.
Modern methods of manufacture and selling have largely eliminated the old fashioned
practice of growing crab apples in the home orchard, for it has become
far easier to go to the corner grocery and buy crab apple jelly which has been
manufactured in car load lots, than to grow trees and manufacture one's own
supply from fruit collected in the home orchhard.
Dates between which crab apple fruits are colorful and effective.
These dates were recorded during 1942 at the Arnold Arboretum and have
been corroborated by observations made in other parts of the United States.
[A large graph continues, not reproduced here, and the article continues on the final page. See http://arnoldia.arboretum.harvard.edu/pdf/articles/1356.pdf