[Handwritten at top:] Compliments, many thanks.Box 03-295 TO HILDA MCQUESTEN from her sister Mary Baldwin McQuesten
Jun 27 1913 [approximate date]
To: Hilda McQuesten
THE WITHROW EUROPEAN SUMMER TOUR
Sailing June 27th from Quebec on the Palatial Steamer "Empress of Ireland," Canadian Pacific Steamship Company.1
Returning August 29th by the Turbine Royal Mail Steamer "Virginian" of the Allan Line, or the New Steamer, "Alsatian" if she takes that sailing in the service.
NOTE - The "Alsatian" is one of the new magnificent quadruple screw steamers now being built by the Allan Line for the St. Lawrence route.
All First Cabin Rooms
High Grade Hotels.
Drives - Livery Carriages or Motors, no Wagonettes.
Party Select, Number Limited.
ADDRESS FOR ALL DETAILS
CARE ALLAN LINE
[Photo of Canadian Pacific Observation Car Travel in Austria]
THE BEST OF EUROPE
On landing in Liverpool, the party will proceed by the great Western railway, which gives the tourist a glimpse of the scenic beauty of Wales, to Leamington.
Leamington. Automobile tour in beautiful Warwickshire, visiting Kenilworth, Warwick and Stratford-on-Avon, London. From London an excursion will be made to Windsor and Stroke Poges by motor car. At the east end of the church at Stoke Poges is a red brick tomb, the last resting place of the poet Gray. The altar tomb was erected by the Poet himself in memory of his mother, who came to live at Stoke Poges in 1741. The Poet survived his mother eighteen years, and was buried beneath the same stone. The Church was built in 1340 by Sir John Moleyns, the oldest part of the present edifice being the chancel wall.
A large stone monument, surmounted by an urn, in memory of the Poet, stands in a field on the right.
Beyond Stoke Poges the route is through Farnham Royal, then skirting the beautiful Burnham Beaches and on to Beaconsfield and Jordan's. Here in the churchyard of a little Quaker meeting house lies all that was mortal of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and his family. Chalfont St. Giles comes next. Here Milton came to escape the plague and here he completed "Paradise Lost." Then the massive Castle of Windsor and the return to London.
Five or six days will be spent in this Metropolis and the principal public buildings, The Tower, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul's Cathedral, the National Gallery, etc., will be visited.
Literary London, Where Hood was born. Gray's birthplace. Where Milton sleeps. The house from which Mrs. Browning went secretly to marry Robert Browning. Milton's birthplace. Where Dickens worked in the blacking factory as a boy. Site of the old Golden Cross.
In front of the old tavern the immortal Pickwick met Mr. Alfred Jingle for the first time and the party started on their journey to Rochester, Where Dickens lived. The site of old Newgate, the old Curiosity Shop, the crossing swept by little Joe as described in Bleak House. The church where Oliver Cromwell was married. The Martyr's Memorial at Smithfield, Bow Bells church, the Cheshire Cheese, Site of the Temple, the old quarters of the Knight Templars, the famous round church where the Knight Templars worshiped, Where Charles and Mary Lamb lived when Miss Lamb murdered her mother, and many other places of interest.
[Photo of Stoke Poges]
Leaving London, the party will go to Holland's Court Capital, The Hague, the Dutch school of painting, Rembrandt's masterpieces, Paul Potter's Bull. Amsterdam, the city of ninety islands and three hundred bridges. Excursion to the Isle of Marken, where the Holland of the centuries long since departed, survives. Then to Cologne, the largest and wealthiest city on the Rhine, the old Roman colony of Colonia, the great Cathedral, the St. Peter of Gothic architecture, the Majestic Rhine by steamer, passing Bonn with its five towered cathedral and university, the seven mountains with the ruins of Drachenfels, Coblence, Ehrenbreitstein, the Stolzenfels, Rheineck, Rheinstein, the mouse tower and other castles with their legends and romance.
"A blending of all beauties, streams, and dells,
Fruits, foliage, crag, wood, cornfield, mountain, vine,
And chiefless castles breathing stern farewells,
From gray but leafy walls, where Ruin greenly dwells."
[Photo of Windmill and dog cart with children]
A stop will be made at Weisbaden and the journey will be resumed by way of Frankfort to Berlin, the finest city of the German Empire.
The Famous Unter Den Linden, the Thiergarten, the Avenue of Victory with thirty statues of Prussian rulers, Charlottenburg with its impressive Mausoleum, Potsdam, linked with the history of Frederick the Great, Sans Souci and the new palace are some of the places visited during our stay in the German capital.
DRESDEN. The capital of Saxony. The finest picture gallery in Germany, containing the Sistine Madonna, Palace, Green Vault, and Royal pottery collections, etc.
PRAGUE, BOHEMIA. The City of Seventy Towers. Here Frederick V lost his crown and Prague endured all the storms of the Thirty Years' War. The University was the first great school established in Germany. Everywhere the tourist walks on historic ground and breathes the atmosphere of legend and romance.
NOTE--As the Route of this tour extends into Austria we are arranging for the party to use new Observation cars of the Canadian Pacific Railway from Vienna to Innsbruck in the Austrian Tyrol.
VIENNA. After Prague comes Vienna, the capital of capitals. To quote another, "Its beauty, its gaiety and fascination, its glorious architecture, its gardens, its picturesque surroundings, its knowledge of the secrets that make life pleasant, make it the most desirable of cities. Its atmosphere vibrates with the music of Strauss, forever linked with the beautiful blue Danube that rushes past its walls."
While in Vienna, a side trip will be taken to Melk, the Medeluk of the Niebelungenlied, and a return made to Vienna by the beautiful Blue Danube. The river route is through the celebrated Wachau District, and ruins of great castles along its way indicate the important part this section of Austria played in the war-like past.
SALZBURG, one of the finest cities in the world, with its statue and memories of Mozart. Innsbruck, the capital, a pretty city, with a magnificent situation, and encircling mountains. The Hofkirche contains the celebrated Maximillian monument, one of the great sepulchral monuments of the world. The route then takes the tourist over the wild Brenner Pass, where mountain, forest and river contribute toward a natural grandeur that is unsurpassed by few railway journey in the old world.
[Photo of the Austrian Tyrol]
[Photo of the Blue Danube]
Then comes the commercial town of Botzen, the old Roman town of Bozen Gries. Possibly a stop may be made here also. From the railroad or the streets of the city a view is obtained of the famous Dolomites, which stand as a background to this part of the Tyrol; and when illuminated by the red glow of the setting sun in the light of the dying day they present a picture that once seen will never be forgotten.
Venice lives in a past of glorious memories. Her material prosperity departed when in the stern struggle of her time for commercial supremacy the seat of empire was changed to the North, but the names of the great men who made her history are written on an imperishable record. Her art did not die, and in the palace of the Doges and the church of St. Marks it remains a perpetual vision and dream of delight, and, best of all, on this city of the sea is the light of the brilliant skies that Tintoret and Turner saw and portrayed in their art as the very soul of her life. The darker side of her ancient life can be studied in her dungeons and the Bridge of Sighs.
Torcello, Murano and Burano are the phantoms of the Lagoons. Torcello shared the early glory of Venice, but her very stones are scattered now and her lonely campanile looks down on a plane of marsh and water, once the place of magnificent palaces and beautiful gardens. Murano, that was the birthplace of Venetian art and later became the pleasure ground of the city of the canals, and Burano in the Lagoons, still hold a small population and manifest a feeble life, but they are a part of Venice and we will understand that city better, her physical situation, her art, the color of her mosaics, if we take, as we shall, a little steamer for a trip to these towns founded long ago by the brave men who were forced to seek the protection of the sea in their flight from Attila, the Hun.
After Venice comes Florence, the Academic City. The days spent here are full of interest, for the Pitti and the Uffizi Galleries contain the world's masterpieces. Here also are scenes and places connected with the work of Savonarola, who made Martin Luther's work possible, and memories of Walter Savage Landor and Mrs. Browning. A city beautiful with the classic Arno and her encircling hills, and glorious with her memories of gallant struggles for the precious boon of liberty.
[Photo of Venice]
"'Tis the center
"To which all gravitates. One finds no rest
"Elsewhere than here. There may be other cities
"That please us for a while, but Rome alone
"Completely satisfies. It becomes to all
"A second native land by predilection,
"And not by accident of birth alone." - Longfellow
For this tour and all of our tours a part of our Roman program is identical.
Three day's sight-seeing will be given, and with competent guides, the "City of Memories" will be studied. We will view the city on her seven hills from the heights of Pincian, visit the Forum, where the foundations of a political system that once held the whole world in its grasp were laid; the Flavian Amphitheater, that in its solitude and desertion still possesses an irresistible charm; the Pantheon, dedicated to Jupiter and all the Gods; the Catacombs, with their miles of graves; Museums of the Capital and Vatican; the Palatine and the palaces of the Caesars; St. John Lateran, and all of the most prominent and interesting localities in this, the "Eternal City." This sight-seeing includes, as indicated the Pincian Hill and Gardens, the Vatican, Appian Way, Pantheon, Forum, Mamertine Prison, Colosseum, Holy Stairs, St. John Lateran, Arc of Constantine, Catacombs, Palace of the Caesars and places of interest.
[Photo of Claudian Aqueduct, Roman Campagna]
The little picture at the right is made from an altar on the Palatine Hill. It is called the altar ("To the Unknown God.") The Unknown voice of a God or Goddess, they knew not which, that warned them of the approach of the Gauls and urged them to strengthen the walls of the city.
The Palatine Hill is the site of early Rome. It may be hard to determine where legend ends and history begins, but some bold spirit seized the hill and held it and Rome as we know it was born. Here the Caesars lived and the enormous ruins of their palaces still remain. Here Augustus built the ancient religion as a political lever for himself and a safeguard for the state.
The recent excavations in the Forum have enabled as we never thought possible, the ancient city.
The monuments are no longer a collection of dead marbles, but living pages of human history. These excavations have brought to light the real sacred way, the supposed tomb of Romulus, the column on which stood the bronze group of the She Wolf, that nursed Romulus and Remus, the real Cloaca Maxima, the arch of Augustus, the fountain and Shrine of Juturna, the church of Santa Maria Antiqua, the Temple of Augustus, the Pre-Romulean burial ground, the prisons, etc. We have indeed a new city. Without curtailing this sight-seeing the stay in Rome is lengthened so all who desire may visit Naples and Pompeii. (This trip can be made for $20, but we must know before leaving London whether it is to be taken.)
[Photo of Beautiful Lake Como]
NAPLES and the beautiful bay, the Museum with its treasures of art.
POMPEII, THE BURIED CITY. With an interest altogether unlike in character to that which is awakened by any other city, ancient or modern, Pompeii appeals to the visitor who for the first time stands amid her ruins, for she is a City of the Dead, a place where solitude keeps an almost unbroken Sabbath.
The imagination seeks to rehabilitate this ancient Oscan town, that with Herculaneum and Stabiae were devastated and destroyed by the mighty forces of nature, to crowd her streets again with a daily throng, fill her public places with the idler and the trader, and her temples with the superstitious and the devout.
In the Pompeiian Museum, near the old water gate of the city we can still see evidence of the awful days and nights of terror.
We walk her deserted streets and linger for a time amid her crumbling ruins, now coming to light after a burial of centuries, to realize the horror of it all.
After Rome on the return journey northward a stop will be made at Pisa or Genoa, then Milan, situated in the center of the rich plain of Lombardy. Here the party visits the celebrated Gothic Cathedral, second only to that of St. Peter's in size, the Victor Emmanuel Arcade, the finest in the world, and the old Abbey church of St. Maria delle Grazie, containing the grand fresco of Da Vinci, "The Last Supper."
Then on to Como on a lovely lake of the same name adorned with beautiful villas, where the journey through the Italian lakes is commenced and continued to Lugano. Then over the wild St. Gothard to Brunnen, the cradle of the Swiss confederacy, then Lucerne, Meiringen and the Falls of the Reichenbach. Interlaken and side trip without expense through Wengen to the top of the Scheidegg, returning via Grindlewald.
Then Paris, the magnificent. A stay of three days will be made in this great world center of fashion, visiting Notre Dame, the Louvre, the tomb of Napolean, the Bois de Boulogne and other places of interest, with an excursion to the palace and gardens of Versailles. Then London, Liverpool, with home sailing on the Allan Line steamer Virginian August 29th. If the arrangements can be made at once an extra week can be given to this tour at a sight additional expense and home sailing be made from Boulogne or Southampton September 6th.
WHAT IS INCLUDED
First class ocean passage, both east and west bound.
Staterooms contain three very comfortable berths. An extra charge is made when passengers are booked two in a room.
Second-class railway travel on the continent, which is similar to first-class in the United States. In England, where the third-class takes the place of the second, the party will usually travel in corridor cars or a private saloon car furnished by the company. Carriage drivers are given as outlined in the itinerary, and transportation is furnished to and from railway stations and steamship docks.
Free transportation of 120 pounds of baggage on the Atlantic liner and in Great Britain. On the continent we will take charge of one portmanteau, or suit case. No trunks are taken to the continent. We limit our baggage weight on the continent to 60 pounds. Members of the party must look after their own hand baggage.
We pay admission fees to galleries, museums, ruins and all places of interest mentioned in the itinerary.
Fees to the steamship steward, which is a personnel matter, laundry bills, wines, and expense of carriage drives not ordered by the conductor, are not included.
To secure membership a deposit of twenty-five dollars must be made. Berths on the steamer will be arranged according to priority of registration.
Approximate Division of Time in Europe
Amsterdam and vicinity
Rhine to Bingen
The stop at Rome allows ample time for the trip to Naples.
[Photo of The Wetterhorn]
1 This is likely the European tour that Hilda took in 1913 from June to August (see W-MCP2-4.082a) in which family letters were sent to Hilda, c/o Miss Withrow, c/o Thos. Cook & Son. Hilda's return home is noted in W-MCP2-4.085.